Also called alopecia .
Everyone loses hair. It is normal to lose about 50-100 hairs every day. If you see bald patches or lots of thinning, you may be experiencing hair loss.
There are many causes of hair loss. Women may notice hair loss after giving birth. People under a lot of stress can see noticeable hair loss. Some diseases and medical treatments can cause hair loss.
The most common cause of hair loss is a medical condition called hereditary hair loss. Maximum number of men and women in india have this type of hair loss. Other names for this type of hair loss are:
Luckily, most causes of hair loss can be stopped or treated.
HAIR LOSS: WHO GETS AND CAUSES
What causes hair loss?
The reasons for hair loss are many. When hair loss begins suddenly, the cause may be due to illness, diet, medicine, or childbirth. If hair loss is gradual and becomes more noticeable with each passing year, a person may have hereditary hair loss. Certain hair care practices also can cause noticeable hair loss.
The following describes some of the many things that cause hair loss:
Hereditary thinning or baldness (also called androgenetic alopecia): This is the Most common cause of hair loss. It affects men and women. most of the patients in india have hereditary thinning or baldness.
When men have hereditary hair loss, they often get a receding hairline. Many men see bald patches, especially on the top of the head. Women, on the other hand, tend to keep their hairline. They see noticeably thinning hair. The first sign of hair loss for many women is a widening part. In rare cases, men see noticeably thinning hair. And in rare cases, women can see a receding hairline or bald patches. The reasons for this are unknown.
Alopecia areata: Researchers believe that this is an autoimmune disease. Autoimmune means the body attacks itself. In this case, the body attacks its own hair. This causes smooth, round patches of hair loss on the scalp and other areas of the body. People with alopecia areata are often in excellent health. Most people see their hair re-grow. we treat people with this disorder to help the hair re-grow more quickly.
Underlying medical condition: Hair loss can be the first sign of a disease. About 30 diseases, including thyroid disease and anemia, cause hair loss. By treating the disease, hair loss often can be stopped or reversed.
Illness: Significant hair loss can occur after an illness. A major surgery, high fever, severe infection, or even the flu can cause hair loss. Your may call this type of hair loss telogen effluvium.
Some cancer treatments: Radiation therapy and chemotherapy can cause hair loss. This hair loss is often temporary, but it can cause great distress.
Ringworm of the scalp: This disease is contagious and common in children. Without effective treatment, ringworm can cause balding.
Trichotillomania : This medical disorder causes people to repeatedly pull out their own hair. They often feel a constant urge to pull out the hair on the scalp. Some sufferers say they feel compelled to pull out their eyelashes, nose hairs, eyebrows, and other hairs on their bodies.
Hormones and stress
Giving birth: After giving birth, some women have noticeable hair loss. Falling estrogen levels cause this type of hair loss. The hair loss is temporary. In a few months, women see their hair re-grow.
Menopause: Hair loss is common during menopause. This loss is often temporary. Hair re-grows with time. If a woman is 40 years of age or older, she should not expect her hair to have the fullness that it did when she was younger.
Stress: Experiencing a traumatic event (e.g., death of a loved one or divorce) can cause hair loss.
Dieting and poor nutrition
Weight loss: Some people see hair loss after losing more than 15 pounds. The hair loss often appears 3 to 6 months after losing the weight. This hair loss is common. The hair re-grows without help.
Vitamin A: Too much vitamin A can cause hair loss. People can get too much of this vitamin through vitamin supplements or medicines. Once the body stops getting too much vitamin A, normal Hair growth resumes.
Protein: When the body does not get enough protein, it rations the protein it does get. One way the body can ration protein is to shut down hair growth. About 2 to 3 months after a person does not eat enough protein, you can see the hair loss. Eating more protein will stop the hair loss. Meats, eggs, and fish are good sources of protein. Vegetarians can get more protein by adding nuts, seeds, and beans to their diet.
Iron: Not getting enough iron can lead to hair loss. Good vegetarian sources of iron are iron-fortified cereals, soybeans, pumpkin seeds, white beans, lentils, and spinach. Clams, oysters, and organ meats top the list of good animal sources of iron.
Eating disorder: When a person has an eating disorder, hair loss is common. Anorexia (not eating enough) and bulimia (vomiting after eating) can cause hair loss.
Some prescription medicines can cause hair loss. These include:
High-dose vitamin A.
Medicines that treat arthritis, depression, gout, heart problems, and high blood pressure.
Birth control pills: Some women who take the pill see hair loss. Sometimes, the hair loss begins when a women stops taking the pill. Women who get this hair loss often have hereditary hair loss.
Anabolic steroids (steroids taken to build muscle and improve athletic performance) may cause hair loss.
Your hairstyle and even some of the products you use on your hair can cause hair loss.
Products: Frequent bleaching or permanents can cause the hair to break. Regular or improper use of dyes, gels, relaxers, and hair sprays also can cause hair breakage. We recommend limiting use of these hair products. Less use often means less hair breakage.
Blow dryers, flat irons, and other devices: Frequent use of a blow dryer tends to damage hair. The high heat from a blow dryer can boil the water in the hair shaft leaving the hair brittle and prone to breakage. Dermatologists recommend that you allow your hair to air dry. Then style your hair when it is dry. We also recommend limiting the use of flat irons (these straighten hair by using high heat) and curling irons.
Hairpins, clips, and rubber bands: When used to hold hair tightly, hairpins, clips, and rubber bands can break hair.
Years of wearing hair in a style that pulls on the hair such as a ponytail, cornrows, or braids can cause a type of hair loss known as traction alopecia.
Improper washing, drying, and combing
The following practices often cause the hair to break:
Too much shampooing, combing, or brushing (100 strokes or more a day).
Rubbing wet hair dry with a towel.
Brushing or combing wet hair (especially people who are Asian or Caucasian).
HAIR LOSS: DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT
Diagnosis : at Expert Aesthetics ,we take a detailed medical history and get the required blood tests done to evaluate the exact etiology or cause of hair loss .
Just as there are many causes, there are many treatments for hair loss.We recommend treating hair loss early. early, means before you lose a lot of hair. Hair loss is harder to treat when a person has a lot of hair loss. One or more of the following treatments may be part of your treatment plan.
HAIR LOSS TREATMENTS :
1) PRP (PLATELET RICH PLASMA ) TREATMENT FOR HAIR LOSS :
PRP or (IPlatelet Rich Plasma) is nothing but auto logous blood with concentrations of platelets above baseline levels and contain at least seven growth factors. Normal blood contain only 6% platelets. However, in PRP, there is a concentration of 94% platelets, which translates to a powerful growth factor cocktail with a variety of growth factors and cytosines. This stimulates cellular proliferation and tissue regeneration to dramatically accelerate healing.
And since the platelets come from the patient’s own blood, there is absolutely no possibility of infection or other side effects. The only precaution you need to take is to stop any anti-inflammatory medications while administering PRP.
Platelet Rich Plasma Therapy (PRP treatment) is fast becoming a favorite beauty procedure because of it’s simplicity and effectiveness. It’s easy because it involves blood being drawn from a patient’s body, similar to a regular blood test. The blood is then put into a centrifuge for a couple minutes to separate the platelets, serum and blood cells. And there you have everything you need to trigger your body is natural healing mechanism at will.
Let’s see how we can use PRP for enhancing your HAIR GROWTH .
Everyone experiences hair loss and most of it goes unnoticed. But fortunately, for most people (especially when they are young) their hair regeneration is faster than their hair loss. However, hormonal changes and certain medical conditions can reverse this and cause significant unwanted hair loss.
Research also suggests hair and self-image are closely intertwined. We all know how a bad-hair day can ruin the mood of women. Just imagine what it feels like to wake up to thinning hair or even baldness.
As I said a moment ago, hair loss happens when your hair regeneration falls below your hair loss rate. The reason for less hair regeneration? Not enough growth factors and nutrients. That ís why PRP has been proven to be a major procedure for hair loss treatment.
How Can PRP Treatments Help?
The growth factors and blood cells contained in the Plasma Rich Platelets can be powerful catalysts that accelerate your scalp capacity to regenerate hair cells. The growth factors can activate the hair follicles (only those that are dying, the long-dead hair follicles can not be revived) and make your scalp healthier and cleaner.
Depending on the severity of the hair loss, it can take about 6-8 sessions to get back your hair.
How long does the results last?
Hair growth in cycles. And the average follicle goes through 4 cycles (which can take up to 60 days to complete) in which only one of them is active growth phase. If most of your hair is in Active growth stage, yo wíll see results quickly. Otherwise you wíll just do treatments for about 2 months to catch the hairs in the Active growth phase.
When you undergo treatments for 6-8 weeks, itís hard to miss the active-growth phase of the hair and so you wíll see improved hair condition immediately after the 6th week.
2) MESOTHERAPY FOR HAIR LOSS : Mesotherapy
Most forms of hair loss are caused by
1 (Hormone imbalances in and around the hair follicle)
2 (A lack of the right nutrients)
3 (Reduced blood circulation)
Our mesotherapy treatment tackles exactly these 3 problems which results in a stimulation of natural hair growth and immediate stopping of hair loss.
What is Mesotherapy?
Mesotherapy is a non-invasive technique based on superficial micro-injections, just below the epidermis, into the target tissues. The term “mesoª is derived from the mesoderm or middle layer of the skin (approx. 1 mm deep). Mesotherapy is a treatment that stimulates the mesoderm, which relieves a wide variety of symptoms and ailments.
The solution injected can contain a wide range of minerals, vitamins, amino acids, nucleic acids and co-enzymes that can be tailored to each patients individual needs.
The treatment is virtually painless and safe .
Mesotherapy brings just the right materials to the exact place where it is needed (around the hair follicle) so that
the hair follicle can grow and survive,
the excess of DHT (dihydrotestosterone) is neutralised and
the blood circulation is stimulated.
Mechanism of action of Mesotherapy
Mesotherapy employs both the physical (mechanical) and the chemical stimulation. Small doses of different medications are administered in specific areas depending on the condition being treated. They act like a medicinal bullet that is delivered directly to a target in the body.
Mechanical: The needle is creating micro perforations that induce a healing process. The post traumatic response of the organism is to produce collagen and elastin ñ two of the key building blocks of skin. As there is no removal or ìrealî damage to existing collagen, the new formation of it simply adds to existing levels.
Chemical: The injected active ingredients will stimulate the organism. For instance, if the circulation is poor, a vaso-dilator is used ; if excessive inflammation is present, an anti-inflammatory medication is used . The quality of the product, its composition regarding the indication to treat is of first importance.
All this results in a stimulation of natural hair growth.
Most forms of hair loss are caused by hormone imbalances in and around the hair follicle, a lack of the right nutrients and reduced blood circulation.
The treatment itself takes between 10 and 30 minutes depending on the extension of the area being treated.
Usually a minimum of 10 sessions is required to stimulate hair growth. We recommend starting with an intensive course of treatments every 2 weeks for the first 2-3 months. The frequency then gradually decreases and the results of hair rejuvenation become evident already after 2-3 months. In order to keep the results maintenance treatments are needed generally once every 2 to 3 months.
STEM CELL THERAPY FOR HAIR LOSS :stem cells are differentiated biological cells that can differentiate into specialised cells and can divide to produce more stem cells ,they are found in multicellular organisms,in mammals there are two type of stem cells :embryonic stem cells which are isolated from the inner mass of blastocysts ,and adult stem cells ,which are found in various tissues ,in adult organisms,stem cells and progenitor cells act as a repair system for the body ,replenishing adult tissue.
ADIPOSE DERIVED STEM CELLS –These stem cells are derived by liposuction from adipose tissue .these cells possess extensive proliferative capacity and the ability to differentiate into multiple cell lineages .regenerative medicine ,using bodys own stem cells and chemical messengers of cytokines to repair tissue ,is an alternative therapeutic strategy for damaged tissue repair ,and is becoming a major candidate for cell therapy .adsc are pluripotent mesenchymal stem cells ,which have characteristics similar to bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells .8 to 10 sessions of stem cell therapy have shown excellent results .
LOW LEVEL LASER THERAPY FOR HAIR LOSS :Hair Beam uses Low Level Laser Therapy (LLLT), which is proven to treat hair loss by Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in US, thus Hair Beam is safe to use as a home medical device. Hair Beams tightly embedded laser terminals contact the scalp directly and help lasers to be absorbed effectively. Terminal direct contact with the scalp minimizes the lasers scattering and reflection so that the laser can be penetrated deeply into the dermis to improve blood flow and lymphatic flow of capillary. Hair Beam is approved by KFDA as a medical laser device as well as get the CE and it is also registered with NET(New Excellent Technology) from Ministry of Health and Welfare of Korea in 2011. Hair Beam is a product after 3 years of research and development by WONTECH, a company specializes in medical laser devices. WONTECH has conducted clinical tests and experiments with 2 National University Hospitals for 24weeks, and the result of this procedure has confirmed that Hair Beam is a stable and superior laser device.
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Cyclical therapy entails giving vitamins with calcium supplements on a single day, followed by iron and mineral combination product on one other day of the week and finally amino acid blend; the three regimens are so advocated that these are taken on alternate days as different nutrients such that daily dosing is avoided and so also possibility of nutrient-nutrient interaction.